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印度高等教育

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大學和學院是印度高等教育的核心。研究主題和教學科目涵蓋甚廣,從詩歌文學、電腦工程到航太領域都有涉及。多數大學和高等教育研究中心是獨立運作經營的。大學是由其附屬學院和專業的院、系聯合組成。大體來說,附屬學院教授本科課程,而專業院、系負責引導研究生的學習和更近一步的研究。大學負責決定入學標準、舉辦完成學士學位的考試及負責學位的授予。

有些類型的大學設有大學和研究所學程,教授通識及專業課程,這些學校便沒有附屬學院。

還有另一類大學和學院,同時教授大學和研究所階段的專業技術課程,諸如印度技術學院(Indian Institute of Technology)、博拉技術學院(Birla Institute of Technology)、全印醫藥科學院(All India Institute of Medical Sciences)、印度森林研究院(Indian Forest Research Institute)、印度動物醫學研究院(Indian Veterinary Research Institute),有的學院只提供研究所學程和研究主題,如印度農業研究院(Indian Agricultural Research Institute)和醫學研究生院(Post Graduate Institute of Medical Research)。

印度高等教育以其獨有的特色、靈活性和高品質吸引越來越多國際學生前往學習。相對於美國、西歐國家或是澳洲昂貴的學費,印度的高等教育仍是由官方高度支持的,讓更多人可以承擔。

印度的大學及大學級學院

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印度現有226所大學級機構,包括39所"被認可的大學"。其中155所是傳統大學,34所農業大學(包括漁業和牲畜醫學,園藝學和奶品技術),17所工程與科技大學(包括6所技術學院),14所醫藥科學技術大學,一所國家法律大學,人口科學院,印度統計學院,印度科學院,一所新聞大學,一所生命科學(阿育吠陀)大學,5所女子大學,6所梵語大學,7所開放式大學,7所音樂和美術大學,一所美術史、環保和博物館學大學。

有超過8000所學院附屬于這些大學,據估計有將近500萬學生在讀。上面提到 的學院中有超過150所提供MBBS和更高的醫學學位,74所牙醫學,90所製藥學,62 所護理學,170所農業及相關學科,428所工程學,116所Ayurveda和75所順勢療法。 大多數常規的大學和學院提供基礎科學、社會科學和人文科學(包括外語、國際關 、社會研究、教育和法律),BA, BSc, BCom, Bed, LLB, MA, MSc, Med 和一些其他更高 的學位。292所學院提供工商管理碩士課程及相關課程,其中有4所專門的管理學院,是高等教育中心。除了構成大學的學院外,還有大量附屬於高校系統的科學與工業研究委員會、Bhaba原子研究中心、印度農業研究委員會、印度醫學研究委員會、印度社會科學研究委員會的研究中心,可以提供博士和博士以上的研究項目。印度的大學及學院的列表請參見印度大學聯盟(Association of Indian Universities):

http://www.aiuweb.org/Members/MembersA.asp

課程和學位
學士學位

一般學士課程要進行三年學習,並進行最後的考試。大學和高教機構頒發文學、自然科學、商學等學士學位。如工程學、醫學、牙醫學和藥學等專業科目的大學學位,則需要較長的學制,大約四年到五年半的時間。

碩士學位

文學、自然科學和醫學的課程,需要兩年時間獲得碩士學位。對於工程與技術學來說,需要一年半的時間。在一些特殊的領域,如教育學位,要求申請者必須擁有其他任何學科的學士學位,才能獲准學習。一些大學和高等教育機構提供短期課程的文憑或資格證書,科目包括工程學、農業科技和電子。課程長短因學校而異。




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Universities and specialized institutes are the centres for higher learning in India. The studies and disciplines cover a wide range of subjects from poetry to computer engineering to space research. Most of the universities and higher centres of learning and research are autonomous in function. A good number of universities have a federal structure composed of affiliated colleges on one tier and the university departments on the other. The affiliated colleges teach, in general, undergraduate courses, whereas the university departments conduct postgraduate teaching and advanced research. The university decides the criteria of admission into colleges and coordinates the first-degree examination in the undergraduate programs and award of degree.

Some other types of universities teach both undergraduate and postgraduate courses in general disciplines as well as in technical and professional courses. There are no affiliated colleges attached to them.

There is a third category of universities and institutions where technical and professional courses are taught at undergraduate and postgraduate levels which include, among others, Indian Institute of Technology, Birla Institute of Technology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Forest Research Institute, Indian Veterinary Research Institute. Some institutes only offer postgraduate and research courses such as Indian Agricultural Research Institute and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Research.

The distinctiveness, flexibility and the quality of higher education in India have been attracting more and more international students to come to Indian universities. In contrast to the expensive university and higher education offered in the western countries, higher education is still highly subsidized in India and therefore, affordable.

India's universities and university colleges

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India's current 226 university-level institutions, including the 39 "was recognized university." Of which 155 are traditional large Science, 34 Agricultural University, (including fisheries and livestock medicine, horticulture and dairy technology), 17 engineering and technical Universities, including the six technical colleges, 14 Medical University of Science and Technology, a national law university, Population Science Center, Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Academy of Sciences, a university press, an Ayurveda University, the five major women's Studies, 6 Sanskrit universities, 7 open universities, 7 music and fine arts university, a art history, environmental protection and Bo University of museum studies.

There are over 8000 colleges affiliated to these universities, it is estimated that nearly 5 million students in reading. Above The college has more than 150 offer MBBS and higher medical degrees, 74 dentistry, 90 pharmacy, 62 The nursing, 170 agriculture and related subjects, 428 engineering, 116 Ayurveda and homeopathy 75. Most of the conventional universities and colleges provide the basis for science, social sciences and humanities (including foreign languages, international customs Department, social studies, education and legal), BA, BSc, BCom, Bed, LLB, MA, MSc, Med, and a number of other higher Degree. 292 College offers MBA courses and related courses, including 4 dedicated School of Management, Is the center of higher learning. In addition to the University College of composition, there are a large number of affiliated colleges and universities system of science and engineering Industry Research Committee, Bhaba Atomic Research Center, Indian Agricultural Research Council, the Indian Medical Research Council, the Indian Social Science Research Council's Research Center, can provide doctoral and post-doctoral research projects. The list of Indian Universities and university colleges can be referred from Association of Indian Universities:

http://www.aiuweb.org/Members/MembersA.asp

Courses and Degrees
Undergraduate

A three-year undergraduate courses in general to study and conduct the final examinations. Liberal arts universities and higher education institutions awarded Science, natural sciences, Bachelor of Business Studies and so on. Such as engineering, medicine, dental medicine and pharmacy and other professional subjects of this Curriculum requirements of the education system longer, about four to five and a half's time.

Postgraduate

Liberal arts, natural sciences and medicine courses take two years to obtain a master's degree. For the Engineering Technology Studies For a year and a half's time. In some specific areas, such as Bachelor of Education require that an applicant who must Must have a bachelor's degree in any other subjects in order to be allowed to learn. Some universities and higher education institutions to provide a These short courses of the diploma or qualification, subjects such as engineering, agriculture, science and technology and computer science. Course length Short due to the school to another.